Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
Although the main responsibility for housing policy lies with Government and the local bodies, industrial development has without doubt enhanced the difficulties of the housing situation in numerous areas. Many employers have realised the necessity for action, and in fact have carried out the great majority of the housing schemes so far put into operation. Some of the admirable schemes described show what can be done where the desire to effect improvement exists. These have effected a great, improvement in the standards of health and well-being of their fortunate occupants, whilst employers must also have realised the economic advantages obtained from more contented labour forces, through an increased efficiency and consequently a greater capacity for output. It is obvious, however, that so far only the fringe of the problem has been touched. With the best intentions industrial concern-have been unable to provide for more than 10 to 40% of their employees, and it is unlikely that even the most prosperous industries could house all their workers without the active assistance, both financial and otherwise, of Government and municipal authorities. It must also be remembered that the accommodation provided by employers is in most cases given rent free and, even where rent is charged, a direct economic return is seldom obtained on the capital outlay.