Royal Commission on Labour in India: Report(1929)||
The other feature which adds to the embarrassment of the workers in many centres is the comparatively long period in respect of which wages are paid, and the delay which is apt to occur in their payment. The most usual period of payment in organised industry is the month.
Monthly payment is practically universal on the railways and in most other forms of transport, it is general in cotton textile mills except in Ahmedabad and Cawnpore, and is common in engineering and metal factories. The most important exceptions to the practice of monthly payment, so far as factories are concerned, are the jute mills, in which the operatives are paid weekly, the Ahmedabad cotton mills which pay approximately fortnightly, most of the leading Cawnpore mills which pay fortnightly, and the bulk of seasonal factories. Monthly payment is rare in the mining industries; the Raniganj coalfield pays wages daily and the great majority of mines elsewhere pay weekly. Casual labour naturally tends to be paid daily and unskilled labour in unorganised industry, if not employed by contractors, is often so paid.