Problems of Industrial Relations in India : Memorandum of the All India Trade Union Congress to National Commission on Labour||
lockout, arising from industrial disputes. Political strike and
solidarity strike must not be made the subject matter of the
law on industrial relations."
20. A specific question has been asked about governmental
jurisdiction over indusfrial relations in public sector.
Public sector enterprises have more or less a common wage
structure and conditions of work, etc., as among the various
branches. Decisions affecting vital issues are taken centrally.
Hence it is necessary that collective bargaining should also
take place at the central level. Beyond providing for
compulsory recognition of unions as a result of secret ballot
and labour courts for individual disputes, we do not advocate
any state interference in industrial relations. Enforcement of
safety measures, social security, etc., is another field in which
some State intervention is necessary. In such a scheme, the
question whether industrial relations in public sector should
be governed by Central or State goveniments is academic.
Labour Courts for industrial disputes will have territorial
jurisdiction and these will necessarily be set up by State
governments. As a worker will have direct access to these
Courts, the State does not come in. In case of all other Acts,
the enforcement machinery will take care of the matter. The
rest belongs to the domain of collective bargaining and no
government, whether Central or State, has any direct
responsibility for it, except to the extent as to which
government is responsible for the management of the particular