Problems of Industrial Relations in India : Memorandum of the All India Trade Union Congress to National Commission on Labour||
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"Thus the right to lockout is a right to starve and kill a
worker or the right to threaten him with starvation and
"If a worker goes on strike and stops production, he loses
his livelihood but does not affect the livelihood of his
"He only ceases to produce profits for his employer in the
hope that the fear of losing in competition, the fear of social
opinion unable to witness the suffering of the worker and the
might of collective action may bring the latter to agree to
the demands of the workers.
"Thus the right to strike is not a right to starve the
employer but a right to bring pressure by refusing to
produce profits and by voluntary suffering and collective
"The right to lockout and strike in their effect are not the
same. The one is a right to starve, the other is a right to live.
"Hence, the right to strike is inviolable, the right to lockout
is anti-social and not permissible.
"The large-scale capitalist has all the powers at his
disposal to force his will on the workers. His greatest
power is money. Withholding it from the worker, he can starve
and bend him. He has the power of the press, propaganda,
'public' opinion and finally the State forces at his disposal.
"The worker has no money, no press and no state forces to
help him. His only power is to offer or withhold his labour
power, which can live only if it works, only if the capitalist
buys it for profit. Hence his only weapon is not to sell it
temporarily when the capitalist wants it on his own terms.
Thus strike is the only weapon of the workers against the-
employer. And it is not unlimited in its effectiveness because a
worker cannot strike for long.
"Hence, we must protect the right to strike from being
curtailed or weakened because not to do so will only benefit
the already powerful and ruling forces of organised capital.
"These are some of the points on the question of strike and"